Alpha | Coal India Ltd.

Coal India Ltd. – Fulfilling India’s Power Wants

Headquartered in Kolkata, Coal India Restricted (CIL), a ‘Maharatna’ firm working beneath the aegis of the Ministry of Coal is a distinguished participant within the international vitality panorama. Beginning with a modest coal manufacturing of 79 million tonnes (MT) in 1975, right this moment CIL is the one largest coal producer on the earth. The corporate capabilities via its subsidiaries in 83 mining areas unfold over 8 states of India. As of 31st March 2023, CIL has 322 mines of which 138 are underground, 171 are opencasts, and 13 are blended mines and a manpower of two,39,210. It’s the largest provider of thermal coal to the ability sector in India. The Authorities of India (GoI) stays the most important shareholder of CIL with a shareholding of 66.13% as on 31st March 2023.

Merchandise and Providers

CIL operates various coal mines, together with open forged, underground, and blended mines to serve the distinctive necessities of varied industries. The corporate’s coal and coal-based merchandise akin to coking, semi-coking and non-coking coal, washed and beneficiated coal, middlings and rejects discover software in sectors akin to steelmaking, fertilisers, glass, energy utilities, cement, ceramics, chemical substances, paper, home gasoline, and industrial crops.

Subsidiaries: As of FY23, the corporate has 11 subsidiaries, and 5 joint ventures corporations.

Key Rationale

  • Assembly the coal wants of India – Coal is likely one of the most generally used fossil fuels and is an integral commodity discovering software in lots of key sectors akin to energy, metal, cement and so forth. With coal having a commanding prominence within the Indian vitality sector, CIL leads the nation’s coal manufacturing contributing to round 79% of the nation’s complete coal output for energy technology. Over the past 5 years, its manufacturing grew by 24% to 703.20 MT in FY23 from 567.37 MT in FY18. The corporate provides to energy sector comprised 84% of its complete despatch throughout FY23.
  • New initiatives – CIL has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Haryana Energy Buy Centre (HPPC) for supplying 800 MW of electrical energy from Mahanadi Basin Energy Ltd (MBPL). It has received bid for 300MW capability solar energy initiatives in Gujarat inking an influence buy settlement for a interval of 25 years. The corporate has entered a three way partnership (JV) settlement with Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL) for a coals-to-chemicals undertaking with CIL holding 51% stake within the JV. The corporate has additionally signed an MoU for 4,100 MW energy initiatives in Rajasthan. Extra washeries are additionally getting added to the prevailing amenities. It not too long ago accomplished and commissioned Madhuband washery with 3 extra washeries beneath development.
  • Q3FY24 – Through the quarter, income improved marginally by 2% to Rs.33,011 crore from Rs.32,429 crore of Q3FY23. EBITDA elevated by 11% to Rs.12,325 crore in comparison with the Rs.11,111 crores of Q3FY23.  The corporate reported a web revenue of Rs.9,094 crore which is a progress of 18% from the corresponding interval within the earlier yr. EBITDA and web revenue margin are at a strong 37% and 28% respectively. The corporate recorded the best ever 9 months coal manufacturing of 532 MT and overburden elimination of 1405 MCuM (Million Cubic Meter) in 9MFY24. It additionally achieved the best ever 9-month income from operations and revenue through the interval.
  • Monetary efficiency – The corporate has generated a income and PAT CAGR of 10% and 32% over the interval of 5 years (FY18-23). Common 5-year ROE & ROCE is round 52% and 70% for FY18-23 interval.  The corporate has sturdy capital construction with a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.09. It has delivered a dividend yield of roughly 6%.


India is the second-largest client of coal behind China, with the demand primarily pushed by the ability sector. The nation additionally ranks fifth on the earth, by way of coal deposits. Electrical energy demand within the nation has elevated quickly and is predicted to rise additional within the years to come back. The huge sources of quite a few metallic and non-metallic minerals that India is endowed with function a basis for the enlargement and development of the nation’s mining trade. The coal trade is predicted to develop at 6-7% yearly, reaching 1 billion tonnes by FY 25-26 and roughly 1.5 billion tonnes by 2030. Sooner urbanisation and rural electrification drives are anticipated to spice up the demand for coal in India considerably.

Progress Drivers

  • To attain 100 MT of coal gasification by 2030, the Indian Authorities has launched the Nationwide Coal Gasification Mission.  
  • Enactment of Mines and Minerals (Growth and Regulation) Modification Act, 2021 enabled captive mines homeowners (apart from atomic minerals) to promote as much as 50% of their annual mineral (together with coal) manufacturing within the open market.
  • The federal government plans to monetize belongings price Rs. 28,727 crore (US$ 3.68 billion) within the mining sector over 2022-25.

Rivals: Vedanta Ltd, NMDC Ltd and so forth.

Peer Evaluation

Among the many above opponents, CIL has larger return ratios and secure income progress than the opposite two, indicating the corporate’s monetary stability and its effectivity to generate earnings and returns from the invested capital.


India’s thermal safety might be straight thought-about to be depending on CIL’s efficiency. CIL has envisaged coal provide goal of 770 MT for FY24 and 838 MT for FY25. CIL’s progress plan for the long run is in synergy with the bold plan of the Authorities for twenty-four X 7 energy provide to all houses within the nation. To spice up the coal evacuation infrastructure, CIL has launched into a sequence of First Mile Connectivity (FMC) initiatives aiming to mechanize coal transportation and loading methods. Beneath the FMC initiatives, the corporate is about to take a position a complete of ₹27,750 crore throughout 4 phases with 9 initiatives of which 127 MTPA is already commissioned. That is anticipated to cut back evacuation and transportation costs and thereby contributing extra to the margin. CIL achieved peak coal manufacturing of 703.2 MT in FY 2022-23 with a goal to attain 1BT by FY 2025-26.   


CIL’s rising manufacturing run charge and its measures to attain manufacturing targets is predicted to  grant robust progress potential for the corporate.  We advocate a BUY score within the inventory with the goal worth (TP) of Rs. 491, 10x FY25E EPS.


  • Environmental and social impacts – The environmental in addition to social impacts of mining continues to be a significant problem for the corporate.
  • Competitors danger – Industrial mining and emphasis on renewable energy technology pose a risk to the corporate’s market share within the vitality sector. Competitors from business mining and renewables can even result in pricing stress.

Recap of our earlier suggestions (As on 15 Mar 2024)

Please click on on the under hyperlinks to learn our earlier experiences:

Birlasoft Ltd

Eicher Motors Ltd

Larsen & Toubro Ltd

Bharat Electronics Ltd

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